Whiskey and Bourbon: Drinking whiskey has been popular in the United States since the colonial era. Even George Washington had Rye whiskey refining. But Bourbon – often called “original American spirit” – has enjoyed the resurrection in the past decade. According to the spirits of the spirits dismed, in 2018, more than 24 million cases of 9 liters of American Whiskey were sold in the US, which included Bourbon and whiskey.
But what’s the difference between both? If you think you can use requirements alternately, you will be wrong. Chris Fletcher is the main distillation assistant at Jack Daniel Distillery in Lynchburg, Tennessee, the delivery registered in the United States. He gave us lowdown on differences – and similarities – between two spirits.
Whiskey and Bourbon
What Is Whiskey?
“Whiskey is a flute spirit that comes from the grain that is not distilled up to 190 evidence,” Fletcher said. “Once you reach 190 [or higher] you make a ‘neutral’ spirit, like Vodka.” He also said that whiskey had to be exposed to oak situs slot. “Usually, barrels are used for aging spirits.” So only that: Whiskey is a flute spirit that comes from grains, not flushed higher than 90 proof, exposed oak. And that, right? Not too.
“If you think about whiskey, globally,” Fletcher said, “You have Scotch Whiskys, Ireland, Japan and Canada. But when you get to American whiskey you find the most stringent laws that determine with the claimed labels. White whiskey America. ”
American whiskey is legally defined and regulated by alcohol and tobacco bureaus and trade bureaus. Legally labeled as a straight American Whiskey and Bourbon, must be aged in a new container or barrel, scorched, and grains that form whiskey must be a certain percentage. For example, WHISKEY RYE USA consecutive must contain at least 51 percent of wheat and must be in a barrel / container of Charred-Oak at least two years and distilled in the same state.
What Is Bourbon?
Bourbon also has strict guidelines. It can be made in any state in the US, even though Kentucky is the most famous for it. It is also a straight American whiskey, but Mash must have at least 51 percent of corn in recipes, and it must be aged in a new and scorched oak container / barrel. “There are other technical specifications for this process,” Fletcher said.
For example, whiskey (spelling records) outside the US can be reduced as high as 189 proof, but at M.S. Bourbon cannot be distilled higher than 160 evidence. “It maintains more sense of grain from the fermentation process, steps before distillation,” Explain Fletcher. American Whiskey and Bourbon also cannot be added to the barrel for aging if it is above 125 proof. Water is usually added to the final whiskey which is not aged to bring it to the desired evidence. Some brands take it as low as 114 proof before adding it to the barrel for aging, usually at least for four years or more.
You may have heard it say that all Bourbon is whiskey but not all whiskey is Bourbon, and that’s why. Bourbon is the Spirit, which comes from at least 51 percent of corn, not distilled higher than 160 evidence and is placed in a new Charred-Oak barrel at 125 proof or below. It must be carried out with minimum 80 proof.
What about the Tennessee whiskey?
Now, what is the difference between Bourbon and Tennessee whiskey? One extra step. “Jack Daniel is a Tennessee whiskey and qualifies 100 percent as Bourbon,” Fletcher said.
Being a Tennessee spirit whiskey must be made in Tennessee – geographically restricted. Furthermore, it must be eligible as Bourbon whiskey. “That means you have to take a minimum of 51 percent corn,” Fletcher said, “a maximum distillation of 160 evidence (we are actually far below it at 140 evidence in Jack Daniel). We always have to agenda, hang out oak containers / barrels and have to enter at 125 proof or below. We press all the criteria. ”
Finally, Distillery Jack Daniel added the last step called Mellowing charcoal. At Jack Daniel they made their own charcoal in the place of Maple Wood on fire to complete coal. Coal is packed strongly into large VAT, then the newly distilled whiskey, not in the year (still at this point) filtered through charcoal.
“If you have used a water filter like Brita, there is charcoal in it, but it doesn’t spice up your water,” Fletcher said. “The concept is similar. Whiskey entered clearly and came out clearly and then entered the barrel to age.” Fletcher said this expensive last step, which was used by Bourbon maker in Kentucky, was a differentiator for Jack Daniel, and meaningful to their brands. “Even though our products meet the requirements as Bourbon,” he added, “we prefer to be identified as a Tennessee whiskey.”
Why Do Bourbons and Whiskeys Taste Different?
The reason for Whiskey and Bourbon is different from each other has to do with the source of the ingredients in the bottle, not the label on the front. The spirit made of corn distilled corn will be different from made from wheat flute. However, it’s a different recipe.
And in Jack Daniel Distillery, for example, they are inoculating their fermentation using the yeast strain that they can date back to the prohibition. “It’s still growing fresh from the mother’s culture in our lab every day,” Fletcher explained. “The yeast is a great source of taste for our whiskey and if we use different yeast from the next distillation, it’s a big taste difference.”
Kerri Richardson, the President of the Bourbon Women’s Association located in Louisville, Kentucky, said Bourbon female drinkers often chose the higher Whiskey and Bourbon evidence as their favorite, and he had medical data and anecdotal to support it. The sensory study conducted in the 1990s demonstrated that women have a genetic tendency to take the scent and taste thanks to a larger olfactory center in the brain.
“When you have very high whiskey, there are usually many interesting things that happen in the bottle and [women] really tend to go for it,” he said. “We tasted blind a year ago from the Heaven Hill product [Bourbon] and I knew what would be in the lineup. I don’t know which one, but I know what we will choose as our favorite – the highest proof. – And I’m right. ”
Now That’s Interesting
Have you ever wondered why ‘whiskey’ spelled two different ways – with and without ‘e’? ‘Whiskey’ (the way spelled in Scotland) comes from Gaelic USQuebaugh, which is translated as ‘life water.’ Spell differences are the result of the translation into the form of Gaelic Scotland and Ireland. Spelling Reasons with ‘E’ are adopted at M.S. is because of the entry of greater Irish immigrants.